Thrush in Horses: Symptoms, Causes, and Remedies
Sometimes, there’s no mistaking the bacterial infection known as thrush in a horse’s hoof. It appears as a black, mushy area in and around the frog and it STINKS! But did you know that at other times, thrush may be odorless and may not be too noticeable at all?
We often think of thrush as occuring in horses that are kept in muddy or unsanitary environments, but the condition can occur in nearly any horse and in any type of environment. It may seem like more of a nuisance than a serious problem, but if left unchecked, thrush can result in permanant damage to internal hoof structures. It can cause heel pain and lameness, and it can even be misdiagnosed as navicular disease.
So if thush doesn’t always look like typical thrush, how do you know if your horse may have it in one or more of his feet? Here are some symptoms that people wouldn’t typically associate with thrush in horses:
- heel pain
- small, ratty-appearing frog
- deep crevice in central sulcus of frog
- contracted heels
- toe-first landing
- resistance to having feet picked up or cleaned
Notice the small size and ratty appearance of this frog. It also has a deep crevice in the center.
Thrush can be attributed to a variety of factors including inadequate hoof care, dietary imbalance, lack of exercise, a wet or unsanitary environment, or a pre-existing lameness. It is often associated with poor hoof circulation. The frog’s function is that of a shock absorber–it is meant to be in contact with the ground to help pump blood out of the hoof and back into the limb. When horses are shod, hoof walls are allowed to overgrow, or a horse isn’t moving with a heel-first landing, hoof circulation is compromised and thrush is more likely to invade the frog.
The good news is that most cases of thrush are treatable. First and foremost, proper hoof care is needed. Aside from proper trimming of the hoof, the diseased frog should be trimmed away, the hoof should be kept clean, and the thrush should be treated with a topical or soak of some sort. I prefer to use Pete Ramey’s ‘goo’ which is a 50/50 mixture of triple antibiotic cream and athlete’s foot cream. I just mix the creams together, put them in a syringe, and squirt the ‘goo’ in the cleaned crevice.
Some other treatments I’ve used include:
Linda Cowle’s website gives the specifics on using some of these treatments and is a great all-around resource for natural trimming and hoof care.
Another important factor is diet–so that should be evaluated as well. A copper and/or zinc deficiency and diets high in carbohydrates (too much grain, alfalfa, rich grass, etc.) are also linked with thrush in horses. If the dietary imbalance isn’t corrected, it may be difficult to get rid of the thrush once and for all.